The third conditional is used to describe a past situation that did not happen and a past event that did not happen as a result. They can be used to express a missed opportunity.
The important thing about the third conditional is that both the condition and result are impossible now.
|If + past perfect
||Would + have + past participle
|If + past perfect||Would + have + past participle|
|If I had won the lottery,
||I would have bought a big yacht.
|If I had had more time,
||I would have cleaned my flat before I went on holiday.
If he had studied, he would have passed the exam - He did not study and that is probably why he did not pass the exam.
If we had left home earlier, we would not have missed our train. - We did not leave earlier and because of this, we missed our train.
As with all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses can be changed. However you may have to rearrange the pronouns and correct the punctuation..
|Would + have + past participle||If + past perfect|
|I would bought an Island
||if I had won the lottery.
|I would have travelled the world
if I had had time.
Conditional sentences are sentences that discuss known factors or hypothetical situations and their consequences.
A conditional sentence consists of two clauses: the condition or if-clause and the main or result clause.
There are five main types of conditional sentences.
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