A relative clause is an extra bit of information that tells us which (or what kind of) person or thing someone is talking about. For example, if you are telling your mom about your friend, it may be helpful if you say "my friend Jana from work ...." That way your mum can either connect other stories she's heard about this particular Jana or connect the story to a concrete person, especially if she has met her before.
Adverbs are basically adjectives that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs but not nouns. We use them to describe, for example, how fast someone is running, how well someone is driving, how strong the wind is blowing, etc.
"Like" and "as" are often confused. They have specific uses but remembering where to use them can be tricky.
Let's start with like. Basically, "like" is used to express "the same way" and "similar to."
Here are two more words that people often confuse. Much and many. They are used for different things and so, with a little practice, they aren't that bad.
Much is used with uncountable nouns and many is used with countable nouns. It's that simple!
Two words that people often aren’t sure when to use are another and other. We must pay attention to how many things we’re referring to and if they’re countable or uncountable
There are only three articles in English: a, an and the.
There are two types of articles: indefinite “a” and “an” or the definite – “the”. You also need to know when not to use an article.
Adjectives are words that describe nouns, such as a person, place, or thing. They can also have different endings, such as -ed or -ing. One or more can be used at one time, but they must be in a certain order
"To" is used to show direction or intention of actual movement. Direction could mean to the left, to the right, (go) to Italy, (went) to the pub, etc. Intention of movement would be (might) go to work, (could) be sent to jail, (will) go to the zoo, etc.
What exactly is the "present simple"? It is the verb form we use to talk about things in general, things that repeat, or things that are generally true. These would be things like eat, sleep, the sky is blue, the sun goes down every day, people have two eyes not three, etc.
What does it mean to "have something done"? This means that you want someone, i.e. a trained professional, someone specialized in something, etc., to do a service for you that you either can't do yourself or don't want to do yourself.
Conjunctions are words that join together two thoughts or ideas. Examples of conjunctions are: and, or, for, nor, but, yet, so, because, although, unless, since, etc.
For and since can be confusing for people learning English. They both are used for talking about time/time periods. Let's take a look at how to use them correctly and some examples of usage.
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