Rule 1: if there is a verb, use TO + infinitive
Rule 2: if there is a noun, use FOR
Rule 3: for definitions with the verb “to be”, you can use FOR + verb-ing
The future continuous is used to express processes that will or won’t be happening in the future. There are two ways to form these, with the use of “will” and with the use of “going to be.”
The type with “will” is constructed like this: will be + present participle.
The present perfect continuous is used for an activity or process that has either just stopped or recently stopped. Sometimes it can mean something started earlier and is happening/continuing right now. It can also be used to express that something repeats over a period of time, such as an activity that someone started doing when they were a child and still do now.
Here are some examples of something that just stopped happening:
The active voice is when the subject of a sentence carries out an action on an object. In other words, the subject does the action, and the object receives the action.
The passive voice is more or less the opposite of the active voice: it’s when the subject is acted upon by the object. In other words, the subject receives the action, and the object does the action.
STILL, YET, and ALREADY
Still means that something is continuing and hasn’t stopped or changed. It is often used with a verb and in the middle of a sentence.
Yet means “until now.” It is often used in negative sentences and usually goes at the end of the sentence.
Already is used to say that something happened earlier than it should have and is usually used in the middle of the sentence.
Adverbs of Degree helps a speaker express the intensity of a verb or extent to which something happens. Adverbs of Degree can modify verbs, adjectives, adverbs and are placed before the word they modify. For example - I am almost 40
Adverbs of Frequency helps a speaker let us know how often something happens. They can be divided into two groups. Indefinite and definite,
Indefinite adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb of the sentence while definite adverbs of frequency are placed at the end of the sentence.For example, I hardly ever drink alcohol. (indefinite) and We get paid hourly (definite)
Adverbs of Place, helps a speaker express where the verb is happening. They don’t usually end in -ly and are usually placed after the main verb or object or at the end of the sentence. For example - I’ve lived here for 6 months.
Adverbs of time, tell us when a verb takes place. We usually place adverbs of time at the end of a sentence. For example, I first met Paul last year. If you want to place more emphasis on the time then it can place at the start of the sentence - Last year was the best year of my life.
Adverbs of manner gives us more information about how a verb is done. Adverbs of manner are probably the most common types of adverbs that are used in English. For example - Kate sings beautifully.
Very often, adverbs of manner are adjectives with -ly added to the end, but this is not always the case. Some adverbs of manner will have the same spelling as the adjective form.
The third conditional is used to describe a past situation that did not happen and a past event that did not happen as a result. They can be used to express a missed opportunity.
The important thing about the third conditional is that both the condition and result are impossible now.
|If + past perfect||Would + have + past participle|
The second conditional is used to describe an imaginary or highly improbable situation and its imaginary result in the present or future.
|If + past simple||Would + Infinitive|
The First conditional describes a possible situation and the result in the future. p>
|If + present simple||Will + Infinitive|
The zero conditional is used to describe, generally known truths, scientific facts, the time is always and now and the situation is possible and real.
|If + present simple||present simple|
Articles can be one of the most difficult things in English grammar for foreign language learners. They are so simple and come naturally to native speakers but can often be a nightmare for people trying to learn English. Some good advice about trying to learn when to use them is to pay attention to where they are used while reading and also while watching movies and/or listening to people talk.
A relative clause is an extra bit of information that tells us which (or what kind of) person or thing someone is talking about. For example, if you are telling your mom about your friend, it may be helpful if you say "my friend Jana from work ...." That way your mum can either connect other stories she's heard about this particular Jana or connect the story to a concrete person, especially if she has met her before.
Adverbs are basically adjectives that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs but not nouns. We use them to describe, for example, how fast someone is running, how well someone is driving, how strong the wind is blowing, etc.
Like and As are often confused. They have specific uses but remembering where to use them can be tricky.
Let's start with like. Basically, "like" is used to express "the same way" and "similar to."
Here are two more words that people often confuse. Much and many. They are used for different things and so, with a little practice, they aren't that bad.
Much is used with uncountable nouns and many is used with countable nouns. It's that simple!
What is the difference between Another and Other. Two words that people often aren’t sure when to use are another and other. We must pay attention to how many things we’re referring to and if they’re countable or uncountable
There are only three articles in English: a, an and the.
There are two types of articles: indefinite “a” and “an” or the definite – “the”. You also need to know when not to use an article.
Adjectives are words that describe nouns, such as a person, place, or thing. They can also have different endings, such as -ed or -ing. One or more can be used at one time, but they must be in a certain order
"To" is used to show direction or intention of actual movement. Direction could mean to the left, to the right, (go) to Italy, (went) to the pub, etc. Intention of movement would be (might) go to work, (could) be sent to jail, (will) go to the zoo, etc.
What exactly is the "present simple"? It is the verb form we use to talk about things in general, things that repeat, or things that are generally true. These would be things like eat, sleep, the sky is blue, the sun goes down every day, people have two eyes not three, etc.
What does it mean to "have something done"? This means that you want someone, i.e. a trained professional, someone specialized in something, etc., to do a service for you that you either can't do yourself or don't want to do yourself.
Conjunctions are words that join together two thoughts or ideas. Examples of conjunctions are: and, or, for, nor, but, yet, so, because, although, unless, since, etc.
For and since can be confusing for people learning English. They both are used for talking about time/time periods. Let's take a look at how to use them correctly and some examples of usage.
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